Panem is run by a single-party dictatorship that appears to be led by President Snow. It appears to be the dominant society in North America, and no other nations or civilized societies beyond Panem have been mentioned, so it is unknown if any exist at all.
The name Panem derives from the Latin phrase panem et circenses, which literally translates into 'bread and circuses'. The phrase itself is 'used to describe entertainment used to distract public attention from more important matters.'
In Panem, the rules are harshly enforced. After The Dark Days, a cruel game known as The Hunger Games was invented.
If you want to learn more about Panem, check out, The Hunger Games Wiki. It tells you more history and about the Rebellions.
The Capitol of Panem is a fortress city where the wealthy and powerful people of the nation reside. Not only are the Games controlled from this point, but so are the twelve (previously thirteen) districts. The Capitol is a dictatorship that was run by President Snow before his death. It is also the only major city to be mentioned. It is thought to be located in the northwestern section of the former United States of America, seemingly in the Rocky Mountains.
It is known for its lamb stew and hot chocolate. The Rockies also acted as a natural barrier and proved useful for the Capitol, allowing their air forces to bomb the rebels attempting.
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